In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, Ignacy Sachs, Carlos Lopes and myself drew up what would be an assessment of main challenges and a list of key reforms to rescue overall governance. We called it Crises and Opportunities in Times of Change. The governance crisis remains and the opportunities were not seized. The challenges and the opportunities listed here remain very solid, and close to the African dimension. Published by UNECA, the UN Economic Commission for Africa, 20 pages, 2010.