The Concilium Civitas international conference in Warsaw brought together eminent social scientists working at the world’s leading universities in economics, politics, history and others. The common concern is the deep deformation of political processes around the world, with right-wing populist regimes taking over in Poland, Brazil, US and other countries. My paper here is about Our Common Challenges. The world has changed. By this I mean a systemic transformation, not some cosmetic adjustments to the industrial capitalism we thought of as the definitive way of life. The complete book, Concilium Civitas 2019 Almanac is online in English, and both online and as paper-book in Polish. The papers are short and focused, a strong overview of our transformations.